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wildlife protection act, 1972 notes 0

[online] Available at: https://www.iucn.org/asia/countries/india  [Accessed 9 January 2021]. [28], The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 also provides for creation and maintenance of specific areas for the protection and propagation wildlife and environment. Wild Life (Protection) Act of 1972 and Amendment, 1982. Apart from such officers, it also provides for National and State Boards for effective execution of provisions of the act. [5] As a major step, covering most of the territory of erstwhile British India, the Wild Birds and Animals (Protection) Act[6] was enacted 1912, from which the current Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has taken the shape. India took big step by enacting The Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. Preliminary, Chapter 2. See Agarwal, N., 2020. Cognizance can be taken [45]and bail will be allowed only after fulfilment of certain conditions. There exists a fundamental duty on every citizen to be compassionate to all species that exists on earth. Wildlife Protection Act 1972 is first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plants and animal species of India. The global demand for certain species due to their nature and properties has led to increase in illegal trade of them. New Delhi: Nataraj Publishers. Short title, extent, and commencement, - (1) This Act may be called the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 (with Amendment Acts of 2003 and 2006): The act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and matters connected with them, with a view to ensure the ecological and environmental security of India. Restrictions on entry to such specific areas are given in the Act. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. 2020. The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 (with Amendment Acts of 2003 and 2006) This is an Act which provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and matters connected with them, with a view to ensure the ecological and environmental security of India. The National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 amended the following: The Lands for Public Purposes Acquisition Act 1914. The court has looked into the reasons for enacting such a law and provided guidance for effective implementation of the same. section 15; Crown land. This particular controversy caught the attention of the nation on the law under which the matter was considered, i.e., The WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972. If you found any in this website, please report us at [email protected]. printOn 5th June 1972, environment was first discussed as an item of international agenda in the UN Conference on Human Environment held in Stockholm. Some of the important Acts passed by the Government of India are discussed here. The Act with its various amendments provides the necessary tool to prevent damage to the wildlife. 3. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. The jurisdiction of forests and wildlife came under the State governments, and each state government had a different policy in dealing with this subject. Law Of Torts: A Study Between India And England, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/1998-2016-a-timeline-of-the-blackbuck-killing-case/articleshow/53377957.cms?from=mdr, https://mitocw.ups.edu.ec/courses/history/21h-380j-people-and-other-animals-fall-2013/readings/MIT21H_380F13_laws.pdf, https://www.iucn.org/asia/countries/india, https://eparlib.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/1122/1/lsd_05_05_21-08-1972.pdf, https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/environment/wildlife-population-declined-by-68-since-1970-wwf, https://www.traffic.org/site/assets/files/6284/handbook-wildlife-law-enforcement-india.pdf, http://awbi.in/awbi-pdf/caged_birds_order_gj_hc.pdf, http://awbi.in/awbi-pdf/caged_birds_order_delhi_hc_15052015.pdf, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/in-process-of-amending-wildlife-act-centre/story-mnFQlGvSh8dZnl8B70Vh6L.html, https://indiankanoon.org/doc/136108/?type=print, https://zeenews.india.com/india/blackbuck-poaching-case-salman-khan-exempted-from-court-appearance-after-counsel-cites-covid-risk-2328051.html, https://www.legitquest.com/case/state-of-rajasthan-v-salman-khan-others/EA534, https://www.fws.gov/le/pdf/CITESTreaty.pdf, https://www.cms.int/sites/default/files/instrument/CMS-text.en_.PDF, http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15398&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html, Explain the Cyber Defamation and Online Defamation in India. Wildlife protection. Definition of Hunting Under the Act: Sec. THE WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972 (No. Soon after the Stockholm Conference our country took substantive legislative steps for environmental protection. Hence, the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 is a major step that promotes sustainable development in its best form. On 5th June 1972, environment was first discussed as an item of international agenda in the U.N. Conference of Human Environment in Stockholm and thereafter 5th June is celebrated all over the world as World Environment Day. [22] The charging provision under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 in the “blackbuck” was this. The Act was necessitated as some wild animals and birds had become already extinct while some others were on the verge of extinction. India is the first country in the world to have made provisions for the protection and conservation of environment in its constitution. It is equally beneficial to look into certain international laws, to have understanding about certain multi territorial obligations for protection of wildlife. 2018. It extends to the whole of India. Prior to Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, India only had five designated national parks. We try our level best to avoid any misinformation or abusive content. Privacy Policy3. With the amendment of the Act in 1991, powers of the State Governments have been withdrawn almost totally. The Supreme Court of India has accepted the existence of certain fundamental rights for animals too, including right to life. The Act was amended subsequently in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993 to accommodate provision for its effective implementation. The infamous blackbuck poaching controversy associated with Bollywood super celebrity Salman Khan is still in minds of people of India. [29] There is prohibition to cause fire,[30] enter with weapons[31]or injurious substances[32] to these areas. 53 of 1972 - 9 th September, 1972, as modified in 1991 ) An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. They also determine the areas in which protection has to be provided as well as the level of it. Provision to extract and deal in snake venom for producing life saving drugs. The matter will be heard in Jodhpur District Court on 16th of January 2021 on Appeal against conviction of Mr. Salman Khan. What are constitutional provision for environmental protection? By sreepriya .s 10. WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972 1. [34], Section 18 to 34 deals with the creation and maintenance of sanctuaries. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 is the prime law in India, that provides protection to the wildlife species. The passing of the Wildlife Act of 1972 constitutes an important landmark in the history of wildlife legislation in the country. [12] The State also has the duty to protect environment and wild life.[13]. [7] See World Wild Fund For Nature India vs Union Of India And Ors. The Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed in 1972, followed by the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974, the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and subsequently the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. The Wildlife (protection) Act, with timely amendments, facilitates the protection of wild life in India. [22] Only the Chief Wild Life Warden has the power to determine whether such necessities be allowed or not. (1) Appointment of Director, Chief Wildlife Warden and Other Offic­ers: According to Section 3 of this Act, the Central Govt. It needs active steps to be taken for the existence and development of each species on earth. [23] Section 11, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [24] Section 12, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [25] Section 17A, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [26] Section 17H, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [27] Section 17C, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [28] Section 17B, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [29] Section 18, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [30] Section 30, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [31] Section 31, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [32] Section 32, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [33] Section 27, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [34] Section 28, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [35] Section 39J, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [36] Chapter IV B, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [37] Chapter IV C, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [38] Preserved parts or whole of animals as per Section 2(31), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [39] Section 39, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [40] Section 40, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Legislation amended by principal Act. Published on 29/05/2012. [40]  It has to be kept in mind that Vermin animals[41] are exempted from all these prohibitions. The Act was last amended in the year 2006. Wild life was considered to be an integral part of the cultural inheritance of India. Affect the Ecosystem of all living creatures, including right to Life [! Not be obtained merely by guidance and restrictions wildlife protection act, 1972 notes to human actions prohibited under that Act twenty... Enacted the Wildlife population can have an adverse impact on the Wildlife ( Protection Act... Greater Protection to the use of earth ’ s resources and Protection of tigers and around known... Wild animal belonging to Schedule I to IV except in certain circumstance necessitates... And properties has led to increase in illegal trade of them Defamation: with reference the! - the information contained in this website, please read the following pages: 1 as one our! 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